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Covid-19 has really impacted the whole world. We are all at risk of becoming infected with the Covid-19 virus, and we should protect ourselves and our communities by wearing masks in public, sanitising or washing our hands well, and practising social distancing as much as possible.  

Scientists and doctors have discovered that people with comorbidities, such as type-2 diabetes and hypertension as well as lung, kidney and heart disease, are at a much higher risk of getting severe symptoms if testing positive for Covid-19. This article will inform you in more detail about comorbidities and the virus.  

It’s important for you to know that the more underlying medical conditions you have, the greater your risk is for severe illness from Covid-19. The severity of your symptoms depend on how well you are looking after yourself and managing your pre-existing condition. 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults of any age who have these medical conditions are at increased risk of severe illness from the virus which causes Covid-19:  

  • cancer; 

  • chronic kidney disease; 

  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease); 

  • tuberculosis (TB) 

  • heart conditions, for example, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathies; 

  • immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from solid organ transplant;  


  • obesity;  

  • severe obesity;  

  • sickle cell disease; high blood pressure (hypertension);  

  • type-2 diabetes mellitus.  

What exactly is a comorbidity? 

Comorbidity means that you have more than one disease or condition present simultaneously. Did you know that conditions that are described as comorbidities are frequently chronic or long-term conditions?  

So, what should you do if you have an underlying medical condition?  

  • You need to carry on with your treatment plan. This is essential.  

  • Getting emergency care for your underlying medical condition is vital, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Delaying getting emergency care for your condition is not recommended. 

  • Contact your doctor if you get sick and think you may have become infected with Covid-19. 

  • Carry on taking your medications. Only change your treatment plan once you have spoken to your doctor. 

  • Ensure that you have a 30-day supply of all your medications. 

  • Make sure that you always phone your doctor first before going to your appointment. 

  • Limit your exposure to tobacco smoke. 

  • Exercise and eat well. 

  • Stay well hydrated – drink water. 

  • Boost your immune system with vitamins C, D and Zinc. 

  • Stay positive. Your mental health is also important. 

  • If you can, you should keep a first aid box at home containing all the right medical products to help you maintain good health with your comorbidity. For example, if you are a diabetic, make sure you have a glucometre plus testing strips. Or, if you have COPD, keep an oximetre close at hand – contact us at DMC if you need help stocking up your first aid box.   

What are the symptoms of Covid-19? 

  • According to the World Health Organization, these are the most common symptoms of Covid-19: fever, dry cough, and tiredness.  

  • The less common symptoms of Covid-19 are: aches and pains; sore throat; diarrhoea; conjunctivitis; headache; loss of taste or smell; a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes. 

  • These are serious Covid-19 symptoms: chest pain or pressure, loss of speech or movement, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. 

What should you do if you have serious Covid-19 symptoms?  

  • Make sure to get immediate medical attention.  

Did you know? DMC Medical Suppliers is a Zimbabwean company that is proud to provide personalised support to health organisations nationwide, allowing them to focus on what matters most: providing passionate patient care. Get in touch with us to find out more about our quality healthcare products: Tel: +263 242 480426/7 or Email:

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